Category: War

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The Surrender of the Confederate Armies: April-June 1865

On April 9th, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. This event at Appomattox Court House, Virginia is often regarded as the end of...

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The Capture of Fort Henry, Tennessee February 1862

In the fall of 1861, Captain Jesse Taylor accepted command of the artillery at Fort Henry, a Confederate garrison on the Tennessee River near the Kentucky–Tennessee border. The Tennessee flows from eastern Tennessee southwest into...

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Magnificent Hetty Cary: Betsy Ross of the South

One of the more prominent socialites and colorful characters in Richmond society during the Civil War was displaced Marylander Hetty Cary. A descendant of Thomas Jefferson, Cary was born near Baltimore in 1836, and was...

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William T. Sherman’s Christmas Gift of Savannah, Georgia

Major General William T. Sherman’s March to the Sea was near an end in mid December 1864.  After capturing Fort McAllister on the Ogeechee River below Savannah, Georgia on December 13th, there was just...

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Colonel Joseph Bailey’s Red River Dam

In March of 1864, a land force consisting of the Union Army’s 19th Corps and portions of the 13th, 16th, and 17th Corps under the command of Major General Nathaniel Banks headed northwest up...

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Confederate General Patrick Cleburne’s Emancipation Proposal

Patrick Cleburne was born near Cork, Ireland on St. Patrick’s Day in 1828. He served three years in the British Army before emigrating to the United States in 1849. He eventually settled in Helena,...

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The Baxter Springs Massacre October 6, 1863

Although there were a few large scale battles in Missouri in the Civil War, most of the fighting in that state and in eastern Kansas consisted of smaller actions conducted by guerrilla and other irregular...