Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain Quick Facts
Joshua is of Hebrew origin
and means “God is Salvation”.
Birthday: September 28, 1828
Birth Name: Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain (he would eventually reverse his first and middle names)
Birthplace: Brewer, Maine
Date of Death: February 24th, 1914
Cause: Complications from his Civil War battle wounds. It has been said that Chamberlain was the last man to die from Civil War battle
Place of Death: Portland, Maine
Ancestry: English and French
Occupation before Civil War: College Professor at Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine (he was also a Bowdoin graduate).
Occupation during Civil War: Union Army office in, and eventual commander of, the 20th Maine Infantry; brigade commander; Brigadier General and Brevet Major General
Occupation after Civil War: Professor and president of Bowdoin College; Governor of Maine, commander of Maine State Militia, railroad construction and real estate businessman, writer, surveyor of the Port of Portland, Maine.
Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Overland Campaign,
Petersburg Campaign and Siege, Five Forks,
Father: Joshua Chamberlain, Jr.
(September 24,1800-August 10, 1880)
Mother: Sarah Brastow Chamberlain
(c. 1802-November 5th, 1888)
Brother: Horace B. Chamberlain
(November 14, 1834-December 7, 1861)
Sister: Sarah B. Chamberlain
(November 2, 1836-May 19, 1921)
Brother: John C. Chamberlain
(August 1, 1838-August 10, 1867)
Brother: Thomas D. Chamberlain
(April 29, 1841-August 12, 1896)
Married on December 7, 1855 to
Francis “Fannie” Adams (August 12, 1825-October 18, 1905)
Daughter: Grace D. Chamberlain
(October 16, 1856-October 13, 1937)
Son: Harold W. Chamberlain
(October 10, 1858-May 10, 1928)
Daughter: Emily (born and died 1860)
Daughter: Gertrude (born and died 1865)
Also, an son of unknown name born in 1857
three months prematurely who did not survive.
In the Hands of Providence: Joshua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War by Alice Rains Trulock
The Grand Old Man of Maine: Selected Letters of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, 1865-1914 by James M. McPherson
The Passing of Armies: An Account Of The Final Campaign Of The Army Of The Potomac by Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain