Ohio native and future 19th President of the United States Rutherford B. Hayes was a 38 year old Cincinnati lawyer when he was appointed major of the 23rd Ohio Infantry in June of 1861. Hayes was one of two future presidents in the 23rd Ohio; William McKinley, the 25th President also served in this same unit.
Hayes was wounded at the Battle of South Mountain in Maryland on September 15th, 1862. In the summer of 1864, Hayes was placed in command of a brigade in Major General George Crook’s Army of West Virginia. The brigade included the 23rd and 36th Ohio, plus the 5th and 13th West Virginia infantry regiments. The Army of West Virginia saw considerable action in Major General Philip Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign against General Jubal Early’s Confederate Army in the late summer and fall of 1864.
On September 19th, Hayes assumed command of the Army of West Virginia’s 2nd Division when the division’s commanding officer was wounded at the Battle of Winchester, or Opequon as it is also called. The division consisted of two infantry brigades; besides his own 1st Brigade, the division’s 2nd Brigade consisted of the 34th and 91st Ohio, and 9th and 14th West Virginia infantry regiments. Over the course of the next month, Hayes commanded the division in the Battles of Winchester, Fisher’s Hill, and Cedar Creek. Here are his official reports for those battles, all Union victories. Note that he often refers to his West Virginia regiments as the “Ninth Virginia” or Fourteenth Virginia”, etc. when they were indeed West Virginia units. Also note that Hayes’ report on Cedar Creek was filed with fellow future president McKinley. Continue reading “Future President Rutherford B. Hayes’ After Action Reports on the Battles of Winchester, Fisher’s Hill, and and Cedar Creek” »
Tags: 13th west virginia, 14th west virginia, 1864, 23rd ohio, 34th ohio, 36th ohio, 5th West Virginia, 91st ohio, 9th west virginia, cedar creek, fisher's hill, george crook, major battles, Ohio, opequon, rutherford hayes, shenandoah, virginia, william mcKinley, winchester
Nathan is of Hebrew origin meaning “God has given”.
Birthday: July 13th, 1821
Birth Name: Nathan Bedford Forrest
Birthplace: Chapel Hill, Tennessee
Date of Death: October 29th, 1877
Cause: Complications of Diabetes
Place of Death: Memphis, Tennessee
Ancestry: Scotch Irish
Occupation before Civil War: Plantation owner,
businessman, slave dealer.
Occupation during Civil War: Enlisted as private in
Confederate Army; rose to rank
of Lieutenant General.
Occupation after Civil War:
Businessman, railroad president.
Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Chickamauga, Fort Pillow, Brice’s Crossroads, Tupelo, Franklin, Nashville, Selma